职业与职务

我国的许多职业称呼和行政职务在英语里都有国际上通用的功能等值词,译时可以直接借用。

1.  可与chief搭配的词语.

chief of staff             参谋长

division chief                        处长

chief of the delegation            代表团团长

section chief                         工段长/股长

chief procurator                    检察长

bureau chief                          局长

section chief                         科长

district administrative chief     区长      

chief judge; chief of judges     审判长

chief delegate                        首席代表

department chief                   司长

chief librarian                        图书馆馆长

chief editor                           主编/主笔

editor-in-chief                       总编辑

chief executive                   总裁

chief of the general staff        总参谋长

chief engineer                       总工程师

chief architect                       总建筑师

chief designer                       总设计师

commander-in-chief                  总司令

commander-in-chief                  总指挥

 

2.  可与president搭配的词语

president (of a science academy) (科学院)院长

president (of a university)              (大学)校长

president (of a court)                   (法庭)庭长

president (of a bank)                     (银行)行长

president (of an association/society)(协会、学会)会长

president (of a country)                国家主席

president (of a council)                 理事长

president (of a company)                     总裁

 

3.  可与head搭配的词语

head (of a farm)                           (农场)场长

head (of a primary school/secondary school) (中小学)校长

head (of a college)                        (学院)院长

head cook; head chef                    厨师长

village head                                  村长

head nurse                                   护士长

head (of a train crew)                   列车长

head (of an office)                        室主任

head (of a department)                  系主任

head (of a station)                        站长

 

4.  可与director搭配的词语

factory director                                   厂长

managing director                         经理

director (of a museum)                 (博物馆)馆长

director (of a research institute)     (研究所)所长

director (of an academy)               (研究院)院长

director (of a primary school/secondary school) (医院)院长

director (of a centre/section/agency/office)          (中小学)校长

 

5.  可与chairman搭配的词语

board chairman                                     董事长

chairman(of an association/society)         (协会、学会等)会长

chairman                                            委员长

department chairman                           系主任

chairman                               主席

chairman(of a committee)                    (委员会)主任

 

6.  可与general搭配的词语

secretary-general                                 秘书长

general editor                                      主编

secretary-general                                 主任委员

general editor                                      总编辑

general deputy                                     总代表

secretary-general                                 总干事

inspector general                                 总监

general manager                                  总经理

consul general                                     总领事

 

7.  可与commander搭配的词语

aircraft commander                             机长

crew commander                                警卫队长

commander-in-chief                                   司令

army commander                                军长

division commander                             师长

brigade commander                             旅长

regimental commander                         团长

battalion commander                            营长

 

8.可与leader搭配的词语

company leader                                   连长

platoon leader                                      排长

squad leader                                        (军队)班长

team leader; group leader                      (车间等)班长

group leader                                        组长

team leader                                         队长